部署 Kubernetes Workers 节点

本部分将会部署三个 Kubernetes Worker 节点。每个节点上将会安装以下服务:

事前準备

以下命令需要在所有 worker 节点上面都运行一遍,包括 worker-0, worker-1worker-2。可以使用 gcloud 命令登录到 worker 节点上,比如

gcloud compute ssh worker-0

部署 Kubernetes Worker 节点

安装 OS 依赖组件:

sudo apt-get -y install socat

socat 命令用于支持 kubectl port-forward 命令。

下载并安装 worker 二进制文件

wget -q --show-progress --https-only --timestamping \
  https://github.com/containernetworking/plugins/releases/download/v0.6.0/cni-plugins-amd64-v0.6.0.tgz \
  https://github.com/kubernetes-incubator/cri-containerd/releases/download/v1.0.0-beta.0/cri-containerd-1.0.0-beta.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.9.0/bin/linux/amd64/kubectl \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.9.0/bin/linux/amd64/kube-proxy \
  https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.9.0/bin/linux/amd64/kubelet

创建安装目录:

sudo mkdir -p \
  /etc/cni/net.d \
  /opt/cni/bin \
  /var/lib/kubelet \
  /var/lib/kube-proxy \
  /var/lib/kubernetes \
  /var/run/kubernetes

安装 worker 二进制文件

sudo tar -xvf cni-plugins-amd64-v0.6.0.tgz -C /opt/cni/bin/
sudo tar -xvf cri-containerd-1.0.0-beta.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz -C /
chmod +x kubectl kube-proxy kubelet
sudo mv kubectl kube-proxy kubelet /usr/local/bin/

配置 CNI 网路

查询当前计算节点的 Pod CIDR 范围:

POD_CIDR=$(curl -s -H "Metadata-Flavor: Google" \
  http://metadata.google.internal/computeMetadata/v1/instance/attributes/pod-cidr)

生成 bridge 网络插件配置文件

cat > 10-bridge.conf <<EOF
{
    "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
    "name": "bridge",
    "type": "bridge",
    "bridge": "cnio0",
    "isGateway": true,
    "ipMasq": true,
    "ipam": {
        "type": "host-local",
        "ranges": [
          [{"subnet": "${POD_CIDR}"}]
        ],
        "routes": [{"dst": "0.0.0.0/0"}]
    }
}
EOF

生成 loopback 网络插件配置文件

cat > 99-loopback.conf <<EOF
{
    "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
    "type": "loopback"
}
EOF

将网络插件配置文件移动到 CNI 配置目录中:

sudo mv 10-bridge.conf 99-loopback.conf /etc/cni/net.d/

配置 Kubelet

sudo mv ${HOSTNAME}-key.pem ${HOSTNAME}.pem /var/lib/kubelet/
sudo mv ${HOSTNAME}.kubeconfig /var/lib/kubelet/kubeconfig
sudo mv ca.pem /var/lib/kubernetes/

生成 kubelet.service systemd 配置文件:

cat > kubelet.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes
After=cri-containerd.service
Requires=cri-containerd.service

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kubelet \\
  --allow-privileged=true \\
  --anonymous-auth=false \\
  --authorization-mode=Webhook \\
  --client-ca-file=/var/lib/kubernetes/ca.pem \\
  --cloud-provider= \\
  --cluster-dns=10.32.0.10 \\
  --cluster-domain=cluster.local \\
  --container-runtime=remote \\
  --container-runtime-endpoint=unix:///var/run/cri-containerd.sock \\
  --image-pull-progress-deadline=2m \\
  --kubeconfig=/var/lib/kubelet/kubeconfig \\
  --network-plugin=cni \\
  --pod-cidr=${POD_CIDR} \\
  --register-node=true \\
  --runtime-request-timeout=15m \\
  --tls-cert-file=/var/lib/kubelet/${HOSTNAME}.pem \\
  --tls-private-key-file=/var/lib/kubelet/${HOSTNAME}-key.pem \\
  --v=2
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

配置 Kube-Proxy

sudo mv kube-proxy.kubeconfig /var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig

生成 kube-proxy.service systemd 配置文件:

cat > kube-proxy.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kube Proxy
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/kube-proxy \\
  --cluster-cidr=10.200.0.0/16 \\
  --kubeconfig=/var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig \\
  --proxy-mode=iptables \\
  --v=2
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

启动 worker 服务

sudo mv kubelet.service kube-proxy.service /etc/systemd/system/
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable containerd cri-containerd kubelet kube-proxy
sudo systemctl start containerd cri-containerd kubelet kube-proxy

记得在所有 worker 节点上面都运行一遍,包括 worker-0, worker-1worker-2

验证

登入任意一台控制节点:

gcloud compute ssh controller-0

列出目前已注册的 Kubernetes 节点:

kubectl get nodes

输出为

NAME       STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
worker-0   Ready     <none>    18s       v1.9.0
worker-1   Ready     <none>    18s       v1.9.0
worker-2   Ready     <none>    18s       v1.9.0

下一步:配置 Kubectl

© Pengfei Ni all right reserved,powered by GitbookUpdated at 2018-04-23 15:11:38

results matching ""

    No results matching ""