Frakti

简介

Frakti是一个基于Kubelet CRI的运行时,它提供了hypervisor级别的隔离性,特别适用于运行不可信应用以及多租户场景下。Frakti实现了一个混合运行时:

  • 特权容器以Docker container的方式运行

  • 而普通容器则以hyper container的方法运行在VM内

Allinone安装方法

Frakti提供了一个简便的安装脚本,可以一键在Ubuntu或CentOS上启动一个本机的Kubernetes+frakti集群。

curl -sSL https://github.com/kubernetes/frakti/raw/master/cluster/allinone.sh | bash

集群部署

首先需要在所有机器上安装hyperd, docker, frakti, CNI 和 kubelet。

安装hyperd

Ubuntu 16.04+:

apt-get update && apt-get install -y qemu libvirt-bin
curl -sSL https://hypercontainer.io/install | bash

CentOS 7:

curl -sSL https://hypercontainer.io/install | bash

配置hyperd:

echo -e "Kernel=/var/lib/hyper/kernel\n\
Initrd=/var/lib/hyper/hyper-initrd.img\n\
Hypervisor=qemu\n\
StorageDriver=overlay\n\
gRPCHost=127.0.0.1:22318" > /etc/hyper/config
systemctl enable hyperd
systemctl restart hyperd

安装docker

Ubuntu 16.04+:

apt-get update
apt-get install -y docker.io

CentOS 7:

yum install -y docker

启动docker:

systemctl enable docker
systemctl start docker

安装frakti

curl -sSL https://github.com/kubernetes/frakti/releases/download/v0.2/frakti -o /usr/bin/frakti
chmod +x /usr/bin/frakti
cgroup_driver=$(docker info | awk '/Cgroup Driver/{print $3}')
cat <<EOF > /lib/systemd/system/frakti.service
[Unit]
Description=Hypervisor-based container runtime for Kubernetes
Documentation=https://github.com/kubernetes/frakti
After=network.target
[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/frakti --v=3 \
--log-dir=/var/log/frakti \
--logtostderr=false \
--cgroup-driver=${cgroup_driver} \
--listen=/var/run/frakti.sock \
--streaming-server-addr=%H \
--hyper-endpoint=127.0.0.1:22318
MountFlags=shared
TasksMax=8192
LimitNOFILE=1048576
LimitNPROC=1048576
LimitCORE=infinity
TimeoutStartSec=0
Restart=on-abnormal
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

安装CNI

Ubuntu 16.04+:

apt-get update && apt-get install -y apt-transport-https
curl -s https://packages.cloud.google.com/apt/doc/apt-key.gpg | apt-key add -
cat <<EOF > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list
deb http://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial main
EOF
apt-get update
apt-get install -y kubernetes-cni

CentOS 7:

cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=http://yum.kubernetes.io/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://packages.cloud.google.com/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg
https://packages.cloud.google.com/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF
setenforce 0
yum install -y kubernetes-cni

配置CNI网络,注意

  • frakti目前仅支持bridge插件

  • 所有机器上Pod的子网不能相同,比如master上可以用10.244.1.0/24,而第一个Node上可以用10.244.2.0/24

mkdir -p /etc/cni/net.d
cat >/etc/cni/net.d/10-mynet.conf <<-EOF
{
"cniVersion": "0.3.0",
"name": "mynet",
"type": "bridge",
"bridge": "cni0",
"isGateway": true,
"ipMasq": true,
"ipam": {
"type": "host-local",
"subnet": "10.244.1.0/24",
"routes": [
{ "dst": "0.0.0.0/0" }
]
}
}
EOF
cat >/etc/cni/net.d/99-loopback.conf <<-EOF
{
"cniVersion": "0.3.0",
"type": "loopback"
}
EOF

安装Kubelet

Ubuntu 16.04+:

apt-get install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl

CentOS 7:

yum install -y kubelet kubeadm kubectl

配置Kubelet使用frakti runtime:

sed -i '2 i\Environment="KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS=--container-runtime=remote --container-runtime-endpoint=/var/run/frakti.sock --feature-gates=AllAlpha=true"' /etc/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf
systemctl daemon-reload

配置Master

kubeadm init kubeadm init --pod-network-cidr 10.244.0.0/16 --kubernetes-version latest
# Optional: enable schedule pods on the master
export KUBECONFIG=/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
kubectl taint nodes --all node-role.kubernetes.io/master:NoSchedule-

配置Node

# get token on master node
token=$(kubeadm token list | grep authentication,signing | awk '{print $1}')
# join master on worker nodes
kubeadm join --token $token ${master_ip}

配置CNI网络路由

在集群模式下,需要为容器网络配置直接路由,假设有一台master和两台Node:

NODE IP_ADDRESS CONTAINER_CIDR
master 10.140.0.1 10.244.1.0/24
node-1 10.140.0.2 10.244.2.0/24
node-2 10.140.0.3 10.244.3.0/24

CNI的网络路由可以这么配置:

# on master
ip route add 10.244.2.0/24 via 10.140.0.2
ip route add 10.244.3.0/24 via 10.140.0.3
# on node-1
ip route add 10.244.1.0/24 via 10.140.0.1
ip route add 10.244.3.0/24 via 10.140.0.3
# on node-2
ip route add 10.244.1.0/24 via 10.140.0.1
ip route add 10.244.2.0/24 via 10.140.0.2

参考文档